This command-line tool, System File Checker, resolves various issues within the system, and it might be helpful for dealing with FILE SYSTEM error, as well.
6. Run DISM
- Right-click Start and open Command Prompt (Admin).
- Paste the following command and press Enter:
DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
- Wait until the scan is finished.
- Restart your computer and try updating again.
With the Windows installation media
- Insert your Windows installation media.
- Open Command Prompt (Admin).
- In the command line, type the following commands and press Enter after each:
dism /online /cleanup-image /scanhealth
dism /online /cleanup-image /restorehealth
- Now, type the following command and press Enter:
DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth /source:WIM:X:SourcesInstall.wim:1 /LimitAccess
- Make sure to change an X value with the letter of the mounted drive with Windows 10 installation.
- After the procedure is finished, restart your computer.
Note: Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) reloads the system image, which can lead to resolving various issues, including our BSOD problem.
7. Remove your antivirus software
Users reported that certain software, most notably Computer Associates EZ eTrust Antivirus can cause this issue to appear. According to users, disabling this software permanently fixes FILE SYSTEM error.
We have to mention that almost any antivirus software can cause Blue Screen of Death errors on almost any version of Windows.
Therefore if you don’t use the aforementioned software, it’s highly advised that you disable or remove your currently installed antivirus and firewall.
We advise you to try using one of the dedicated uninstaller tools. By using one of these tools, you’ll make sure that all files and registry keys related to your antivirus software are completely removed from your PC.
IObit is an uninstall utility that can help you completely remove any software from your computer. It removes leftovers of programs uninstalled by other utilities or uninstalled before using IObit Uninstaller.
If your problem is fixed after removing antivirus software, it’s advised that you reinstall it, or switch to a different one.
If you’re looking for an alternative antivirus program, feel free to check the list of best antivirus programs for Windows 10.
8. Perform chkdsk scan
- Press the Windows search box and type cmd.
- Select Command Prompt (Admin) from the menu.
- Enter chkdsk /f /r C: and press Enter. You’ll have to perform a chkdsk for all hard drive partitions that you have, so be sure to replace the C with the appropriate drive letter. It’s worth mentioning that you might not be able to scan C drive until you restart your computer.
- Wait for the chkdsk to complete the scan.
Note: In some cases, FILE SYSTEM BSoD error can be caused by corrupted files that you have on your hard drive, and in order to fix this issue, it’s advised that you perform a chkdsk scan.
9. Reset Windows 10
- Type reset this PC in the Windows search box.
- Choose Reset this PC to open the window shown directly below.
- Press the Get started button.
- Select the Keep my files option.
- Click the Next and Reset buttons to confirm.
- Reset process will now start. Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the reset.
Note: If the issue still persists, you might have to reset Windows 10. Bear in mind that resetting Windows 10 will delete all files and folders on your C drive, so we advise that you back them up before performing this step.
After completing this process, you’ll have a new installation of Windows without any files, so you’ll have to install all your applications again.
10. Check for faulty hardware
If the problem still persists, even after you’ve reset Windows 10, then FILE SYSTEM error(-2147219196) is caused by faulty hardware or recently installed hardware.
RAM modules are the most common causes for this error, and in order to check your RAM, you need to download and run MemTest86+ for a couple of hours.
If your RAM is working properly, some other hardware, such as your motherboard or hard drive might be causing FILE SYSTEM BSOD error, so you might need to replace it.
FILE SYSTEM BSoD error can cause a lot of problems on your PC, but hopefully, you managed to fix it by using one of our solutions.
FAQ: Read more about FILE SYSTEM errors
- What is a file system error?
File System errors are usually disk-related errors that may occur because of corrupt files, bad sectors, disk integrity corruption, file execution policies, and many others. Take a look at our guide with solutions on how to fix corrupted system files.
- What causes file system errors?
File System errors are mostly caused by problems regarding disk-related errors due to bad sectors, disk integrity corruption, or something else connected with storage. If you need to replace your hard drive check our list with the best hard drives for Windows 10.
- How do I fix a file system error?
Depending on the cause of the error, there are multiple solutions. Our complete guide on how to fix the file system error is exactly what you need.
Editor’s Note: This article was originally published in June 2016 and was revamped and updated in February 2021 for freshness, accuracy, and comprehensiveness.